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by Hannah Arendt
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  • Author:
    Hannah Arendt
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    Houghton Mifflin; First edition (March 20, 1968)
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    156 pages
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    1178 kb
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The origins of totalitarianism. Includes bibliographies and indexes

The origins of totalitarianism. Includes bibliographies and indexes. And if it is true that in the final stages of totalitarianism an absolute evil appears (absolute because it can no longer be deduced from humanly comprehensible motives), it is also true that without it we might never have known the truly radical nature of Evil.

The first volume of Arendt’s celebrated three-part study of the philosophical origins of the totalitarian mind. This volume focuses on the rise of antisemitism in Europe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Továbbiak tőle: Hannah Arendt. The Life of the Mind: The Groundbreaking Investigation on How We Think.

Books in Origins of Totalitarianism (3 Book Series)

Books in Origins of Totalitarianism (3 Book Series). Page 1 of 1Start OverPage 1 of 1. Previous page. 1. Antisemitism: Part One of The Origins o. annah Arendt. Johanna "Hannah" Arendt (1906-1975) was a German-born political theorist, who wrote many books such as Imperialism: Part Two Of The Origins Of Totalitarianism,Totalitarianism: Part Three of The Origins of Totalitarianism,Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil,The Life of the Mind,On Violence,The Human Condition, etc. She wrote in the 1967 Preface to this book, "This book then is limited in time and place as well as in subject matter. Издание: 1. Издательство: Harvest Books;Harcourt Brace.

The Origins of Totalitarianism, published in 1951, was Hannah Arendt's first major work, wherein she describes and analyzes Nazism and Stalinism, the major totalitarian political movements of the first half of the 20th century. The book is regularly listed as one of the best non-fiction books of the 20th century. The Origins of Totalitarianism was first published in English in 1951

The first volume of Arendt’s celebrated three-part study of the philosophical origins of the totalitarian mind.

PDF Hannah Arendt's seminal work The Origins of Totalitarianism begins with an extended study of the history of antisemitism. Arendt's repeated reliance on antisemitic sources, her inconsistent analysis of assimilation, her overstated distinction between social and political dimensions of anti-Jewish sentiment, and her emphasis on partial Jewish responsibility for antisemitism indicate fundamental problems with her interpretation of the historical record.

The Origins of Totalitarianism study guide contains a biography of Hannah Arendt, literature essays, quiz . Arendt attempts to investigate the origins of modern antisemitism by examining the position of the Jews in society

The Origins of Totalitarianism study guide contains a biography of Hannah Arendt, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Arendt attempts to investigate the origins of modern antisemitism by examining the position of the Jews in society. The special relationship of the Jews to the state has two results. First, the Jewish people as a whole appear to the antisemite to be identical with power, and second, their aloofness from society as a result of their inability to assimilate appear to the antisemite as the intent to destroy all social structures.


THE ORIGINS OF TOTALITARIANISM BOOKS BY HANNAH ARENDT The Origins of Totalitarianism Between Past and Future On Revolution The Human Condition Eichmann in Jerusalem On Violence Men in Dark Times Crises of the Republic Rahel Varnhagen: The Life of a Jewish Woman The Life of the Mind: ONE/THINKING TWO/WILLING Lectures on Kant's Political Philosophy HANNAH ARENDT AND KARL JASPERS Correspondence.

The first volume of Arendt’s celebrated three-part study of the philosophical origins of the totalitarian mind. This volume focuses on the rise of antisemitism in Europe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Index.

Nothing worthwhile in life is ever easy and this read was time-consuming, intensive, and often difficult----but it's culmination in the last section on Totalitarianism was the "coup de grâce." Amazing in it's depth of examination of the elements and characteristics of totalitarian movements including, but not limited to: scientificality, constant motion, the myth of the inevitable law/course of history, isolation of the masses, terrorism as a system of governance, propaganda, indoctrination, the destruction of free will and all moral absolutes, and the circumscribing of the masses into one giant inevitable historical movement from which, for it's adherents, there is no physical----and more terrifyingly---no psychological escape. This is one of the best examinations of totalitarian movements ever written. After reading several great authors who made reference to "The Origins of Totalitarianism," I knew I had to read it. It didn't disappoint. However, be forewarned, unless you are an intellectual giant or have a passion for 18th-19th century European History, the first two sections on Antisemitism, Imperialism, the rise of the nation-state, and the Pan-Movements can be difficult to absorb and will test your attention span. But, Arendt's exploration and vivid descriptions of the characteristics of Bolshevism and Nazism as the two forms the same totalitarian movement was emotionally gripping and psychologically terrifying.
Very important book. This edition is printed in teeny tiny type with very little space between lines. Unless you are good at reading microtype, better look for a different edition.
Published in 1951, I first read this in 1962 in undergrad Poli Sci major class. It's scholarly, long, can be a tiring read. But anyone wondering why politics today is so polarizing will find startling parallels to powerful political movements observed beginning 100, 150, or more years ago. We're experiencing a similar revival today.
Sorry to have to put in a negative review simply for the Kindle format, but no provision is made to crititique formats individually.

I have the hardbound Schocken edition of this work and it is fine.

I checked the sample Kindle version for this title and found significant typographical issues.

For example, the word "Hitler" is rendered "Hiüer". This is clearly an OCR (optical character recognition) issue that was not caught in proofing.

Doesn't anyone _read_ the results of OCR and correct the errors?

As a result, I cannot recommend the Kindle version of this title.
Totalitarianism is a human enterprise difficult to explain but possible to comprehend. This work of Hannah Arendt helps the reader in understanding this human "achievement". Pure and absolute evil doesn't appear suddenly, it has its roots in history. Arendt examines the genesis and the development of anti-Semitism and imperialism in the first two parts of this work. Its characteristics and history are well explained in order to relate them to totalitarianism. Arendt has a talent to relate the pivotal facts in history to ideas (concepts), its generation and development. Her writings increase the reader comprehension of the questions and, when confronted with human faults and failures, inspire the search of solutions. As the result of this well made work, the reader gets invaluable knowledge about totalitarianism and its manifestations in history and about how to overcome it.
Totalitarianism isn’t an easy phenomenon to grasp. One of the most difficult things to understand is how could hundreds of millions of people all over Europe and the Soviet Union have allowed the horrors of the Holocaust and the mass purges to take place. In The Origins of Totalitarianism Hannah Arendt offers one of the best explanations for these mass horrors. “Mass” is the key word here. Arendt’s explanation consists of describing this modern social entity called “the masses,” which she distinguishes from the mob (itself capable of spurts of violence, such as during pogroms) as well as from classes (based on economic self-interest). The masses are a quintessentially totalitarian phenomenon.
Arendt posits that one of the key features of the totalitarian state is its system of indoctrination, propaganda, isolation, intimidation and brainwashing—instigated and supervised by the Secret Police—which transforms classes, or thoughtful individuals able to make relatively sound political decisions, into masses, or people who have been so beaten down that they become apathetic and give their unconditional loyalty to the totalitarian regime.

The masses versus the classes

Unlike social classes, Arendt explains, the masses are amorphous and easily swayed. They’re moved by superficial rhetoric and empty fervor rather than united by a common identity or shared economic interests. According to Arendt, “The term masses applies only when we deal with people who either because of their sheer numbers, or indifference, or a combination of both, cannot be integrated into any organization based on common interest.” (The Origins of Totalitarianism, 311). Of course, this political and social apathy isn’t enough to lend support to totalitarian movements. An additional, and crucial, factor comes into play. The apathetic masses must come under the spell of charismatic evil leaders, like Hitler and Stalin, who gain control over society and kill in them the last vestige of human decency and individualism. If “the masses” don’t exist in sufficient numbers in a given society, then totalitarian rulers create them. This was the main purpose, Arendt contends, of Stalin’s relentless purges, which destroyed any real class identity and ideological conviction. Even the nuclear family and bonds of love deteriorated, as friends feared friends and parents lived under the reasonable fear that their own children could at any moment turn them in for “deviationism” from the party line.

Social groups versus atomized individuals

The masses are vast in number but isolated in nature. Totalitarian society creates an immense collection of atomized individuals. There’s no other way to command an absolute obedience to the regime: even when the government’s policies change radically, demanding one thing of its followers one day and the opposite the next. This unconditional loyalty, Arendt argues, “can be expected only from the completely isolated human being who, without any other ties to family, friends, comrades, or even mere acquaintances, derives his sense of having a place in the world only from his belonging to a movement, his membership in the party.” (The Origins of Totalitarianism, 323-4) This false sense of belonging can’t be based on any real social identity, since totalitarian movements are arbitrary in their demands, fickle in their objectives and changeable in their actions. Perhaps their only stable feature is the ruthlessness of their punishments: the constant reign of terror.

Fanaticism versus idealism

The masses are fanatical rather than ideological (adhering to a firm set of political or economic principles) or idealist (aspiring, utopically, to moral or political perfection). Far more extreme than a mob, upon which fanaticism has a short-lived hold, the masses can be under the spell of a charismatic evil leader even when it’s no longer in their self-interest. How is this self-defeating attitude possible? Arendt explains: “identification with the movement and total conformism seem to have destroyed the very capacity for experience, even if it be as extreme as torture or fear of death.” (The Origins of Totalitarianism, 308)

The philistine versus the bourgeois

Totalitarian movements transform ordinary human beings into philistines. Arendt describes the philistine as a bourgeois who is isolated from his class. The philistine focuses so much on his own narrow needs that he views victims as “others” rather than as fellow human beings. “Nothing proved easier to destroy than the privacy and the private morality or people who thought of nothing but safeguarding their private lives,” Arendt claims. “After a few years of power and systematic co-ordination, the Nazis could rightly announce: “The only person who is still a private individual in Germany is somebody who is asleep.” (The Origins of Totalitarianism, 338-9) Decades after its publication, The Origins of Totalitarianism remains the most rigorous and systematic explanation—and offers the most elegant political philosophy--for how such mass horrors could have occurred in the 20th century. The book also serves as a necessary reminder that they can happen again for as long as humanity can be dehumanized by totalitarian regimes.

Claudia Moscovici, Literaturesalon
This is a thick difficult book, but it creates an explanation for totalitarianism unlike any other. It separates it from mere authoritarianism in a thought provoking way.