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by Martin Bernal
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Social Sciences
  • Author:
    Martin Bernal
  • ISBN:
    081351584X
  • ISBN13:
    978-0813515847
  • Genre:
  • Publisher:
    Rutgers University Press; None edition (June 1, 1991)
  • Pages:
    736 pages
  • Subcategory:
    Social Sciences
  • Language:
  • FB2 format
    1730 kb
  • ePUB format
    1628 kb
  • DJVU format
    1352 kb
  • Rating:
    4.2
  • Votes:
    458
  • Formats:
    mbr mobi azw lrf


Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization, its three volumes first published in 1987, 1991, and 2006 respectively, is a controversial work by Martin Bernal. He discusses ancient Greece in a new light.

Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization, its three volumes first published in 1987, 1991, and 2006 respectively, is a controversial work by Martin Bernal. Bernal's thesis discusses the perception of ancient Greece in relation to Greece's African and Asiatic neighbors, especially the ancient Egyptians and Phoenicians who, he believes, colonized ancient Greece.

What is classical about Classical civilization? . Black Athena won the American Book Award in 1990 from the Before Columbus Foundation.

What is classical about Classical civilization? In one of the most audacious works of scholarship ever written, Martin Bernal challenges the whole basis of our thinking about this question. Classical civilization, he argues, has deep roots in Afroasiatic cultures. The first two volumes of Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization (I: The Fabrication of Ancient Greece, 1785-1985 and II: The Archaeological and Documentary Evidence) have been translated into German, Italian, Spanish, French, Swedish, Greek, and Japanese.

Winner of the American Book Award, 1990. Volume II is concerned with the archaeological and documentary evidence for contacts between Egypt and the Levant on the one hand and the Aegean on the other, during the Bronze Age from c. 3400 . The author concludes that contact between the two regions was far more extensive and influential than is generally believed.

Volume 2: Archaeological And Documentary Evidence - Preface and acknowledgements .

Volume 2: Archaeological And Documentary Evidence - Preface and acknowledgements - Transcription and phonetics - Chronological tables - Introduction - Intrinsic reasons for preferring the revised ancient model to the Aryan one - Some theoretical considerations - Summary of the argument - 1: Crete Before The Palaces, 7000-2100 BC - Diffusionist and isolationist. In Black Athena, an audacious three-volume series that strikes at the heart of today's most heated culture wars, Martin Bernal challenges Eurocentric attitudes by calling into question two of the longest-established explanations for the origins of classical civilization.

Black Athena Writes Back: Martin Bernal Responds to His Critics. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. 1. The Natural Knitter: How to Choose, Use, and Knit Natural Fibers from Alpaca to Yak. Barbara Albright. File: PDF, 5. 8 MB. 2. Human Resources Management for Public and Nonprofit Organizations: A Strategic Approach (Essential Texts for Nonprofit and Public Leadership and Management).

Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization : Vol. II - The Archaeological and Documentary Evidence.

Classical civilization, he argues, has deep roots in Afroasiatic cultures. In these and later volumes, Martin Bernal proposes a Revised Ancient Model. But these Afroasiatic influences have been systematically ignored, denied or suppressed since the eighteenth century - chiefly for racist reasons. Winner of the American Book Award, 1990.

He argues that Classical civilization has deep roots in Afrosiatic cultures, but that these influences have been systematically suppressed since the eighteenth century – chiefly for racist reasons. About the Author Martin Bernal was Professor Emeritus of Government Studies at Cornell University, specialising in ancient African civilisations and origins of Western civilisations. He was published widely on the subject of modern Chinese history.

In Black Athena, an audacious three-volume series that strikes at the heart of today's most heated culture wars, Martin Bernal challenges Eurocentric attitudes by calling into question two of the longest-established explanations for the origins of classical civilization. The Aryan Model, which is current today, claims that Greek culture arose as the result of the conquest from the north by Indo-European speakers, or "Aryans," of the native "pre-Hellenes

Martin Bernal's Black Athena is nothing short of a monumental . His book should be welcome to both classicists and ancient historians.

Martin Bernal's Black Athena is nothing short of a monumental achievement in scholarship that re-oriented and transformed serious study of ancient civilizations. It remains a soaring accomplishment of classical erudition of the Afroasiatic foundation of Greek history. His book should be welcome to both classicists and ancient historians, most of whom will, now at least, be inclined to agree with hi. -R. A. McNeal "Franklin and Marshall College ".

Winner of the American Book Award, 1990.

This volume is the second in a projected four-part series concerned with the competition between two historical models for the origins of Greek civilization. The model current today is the Aryan Model, according to which Greek culture arose as the result of the conquest from the north by Indo-European speakers or "Aryans" of the native "pre-Hellenes." The Ancient Model, which was the model maintained in Classical Greece, held that the native population of Greece had initially been civilized by Egyptian and Phoenician colonists and that more Near Eastern culture had been introduced to Greece by Greeks studying in Egypt and Southwest Asia. In these and later volumes, Martin Bernal proposes a Revised Ancient Model. According to this, the Indo-European aspects of Greek language and culture should be recognized as fundamental and the considerable non-Indo-European elements should be seen largely as Egyptian and Levantine additions to this basis.

Volume II is concerned with the archaeological and documentary evidence for contacts between Egypt and the Levant on the one hand and the Aegean on the other, during the Bronze Age from c. 3400 B.C. to c. 1100 B.C. These approaches are supplemented by information from later Greek myths, legends, religious cults, and language. The author concludes that contact between the two regions was far more extensive and influential than is generally believed. In the introduction to this volume, Bernal also responds to some reviews and criticisms of Volume I of Black Athena.


Kazigrel
I like this book. Have one more to get
BlackBerry
Great work. Must read.
Anarius
Reading materials
Phallozs Dwarfs
Brilliant!
Dorilune
Everything was just fine: delivery on time and book in a good condition. Thank you!
Flocton
Brave enough to explore unknown area of history with vast knowledge based upon extensive research and imaginative analysis. Hyksos invasion to Crete is an intriguing argument, but it somehow contradicts history as Egyptians treated Crete people as if the most favored people. Egyptians in the Middle Kingdom hated Hyksos, invaders, and wiped out their historical records. Another thing I question is his statement that Egyptians were seagoing people. They did not have trees to make ocean crossing ships. Phoenicians sold trees grown in Lebanon mountain to Egyptians for centuries. However, it is not deniable that archaeological evidences in Crete show both Egyptian and, perhaps, Phoenician influences. This is the mystery.
Shadowredeemer
Good for it's research. Could have been written in a better format. Dull as a door nail, but worth the reference.
A must read for those wanting to know MORE about our Western roots. The "rest of the story."