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by Alan O. Sykes
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Politics & Government
  • Author:
    Alan O. Sykes
  • ISBN:
    0815782950
  • ISBN13:
    978-0815782957
  • Genre:
  • Publisher:
    Brookings Institution Press (February 1, 1995)
  • Pages:
    266 pages
  • Subcategory:
    Politics & Government
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Alan O. Sykes illustrates how standards and regulations create trade barriers, explores the extent of the problem, and considers the possible policy responses. The effects of technical barriers are hard to measure.

Product standards, regulations, and conformity assessment procedures are important and necessary, but they also, at times, threaten the free flow of goods in international markets and the competitive positions of many exporters, including those in the United States. The barriers to trade that may result form product standards and regulations may be inadvertent or deliberate. Alan O.

Further reproduction prohibited without permission. Product Standards for Internationally Integrated Goods Markets. Comparative Economic Studies; Winter 1996; 38, 4; ABI/INFORM Complete. According to one economist, the justification for a least-restrictive means principle is self-evident: " If a given objective can be achieved in a variety of ways, the trading community benefits in the aggregate when the least-cost way is selected " (Sykes 1995, 118). The least-restrictive means principle accepts the underlying objectives of national regulatory policies and asks how best to meet them (Fliess, Gonzales, and Schonfeld, 2008, 9; Sykes 1995, 119).

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In this book, Alan O. Sykes analyzes "technical barriers" to international trade in goods. These include impediments to trade created by divergent national product standards and regulations, and by the systems that trading nations use to verify conformity with applicable standards and regulations.

As global markets for goods, services .

As global markets for goods, services and financial assets have become increasingly integrated, national governments no longer have as much control over economic markets. With the completion of the Uruguay Round of the GATT talks, the world economy has entered a fresh phase requiring different rules and different levels of international cooperation. Standard shipping can on occasion take up to 30 days for delivery. List this Seller's Books.

Cogent analysis of this deeper integration of the world economy, and . This book provides a much needed, in-depth study of the role of national antitrust policies in a global economy.

Cogent analysis of this deeper integration of the world economy, and guidelines for government policies, are urgent priorities. This series aims to meet these needs over a range of 21 books by some of the world's leading economists, political scientists, foreign policy specialists and government officials. As global markets for goods, services and financial assets have become increasingly integrated, national governments no longer have as much control over economic markets.

International Standard Book Number (ISBN): 0815782969 (alk. paper). International Standard Book Number (ISBN): 0815782950 (pbk. : alk. Bibliography, etc. Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 215-223) and index. Rubrics: Non-tariff trade barriers Standardization Commercial products Quality control International economic integration Foreign trade regulation. book below: (C) 2016-2018 All rights are reserved by their owners.

Product standards, regulations, and conformity assessment procedures are important and necessary, but they also, at times, threaten the free flow of goods in international markets and the competitive positions of many exporters, including those in the United States. The barriers to trade that may result form product standards and regulations may be inadvertent or deliberate. The problem cuts across a wide array of industries, from motor vehicles to computers to televisions to food and beverages.

This book, part of the Brookings Integrating National Economies series, is the first to blend careful economic and legal analysis of technical barriers. Alan O. Sykes illustrates how standards and regulations create trade barriers, explores the extent of the problem, and considers the possible policy responses.

The effects of technical barriers are hard to measure. They are often hidden in the costs of modifying a product to meet a standard or regulation, in the costs of testing and certification procedures, and in the ways that noncompliance with a standard may affect consumer purchasing decisions. Sykes identifies why heterogeneity in standards and regulations may arise across jurisdictions and assesses the desirability of eliminating it in various settings.

Sykes also presents an extensive and insightful overview of current international efforts to police technical barriers in the WTO/GATT system, in the European Union, in the U.S. federal system, and NAFTA. He shows how least-restrictive means principles and their corollaries can do much to reduce technical barriers, while stopping short of impinging on the legitimate exercise of national sovereignty.

Efforts to harmonize internatioal policies and set common standards and regulations have been under way for decades. Sykes evaluates the harmonization activities of institutions such as the International Organization for Standardization, the Codex Alimentarius, and the European Commission. The final chapter assesses the adequacy of existing efforts to address technical barriers, suggesting where further progress might be made, and discusses the special problems of developing countries.

A volume of Brookings' Integrating National Economies Series