» » The First Casualty: The War Correspondent as Hero, Propagandist, and Myth Maker from the Crimea to Vietnam

Download The First Casualty: The War Correspondent as Hero, Propagandist, and Myth Maker from the Crimea to Vietnam fb2

by Phillip Knightley
Download The First Casualty: The War Correspondent as Hero, Propagandist, and Myth Maker from the Crimea to Vietnam fb2
Writing Research & Publishing Guides
  • Author:
    Phillip Knightley
  • ISBN:
    0233963723
  • ISBN13:
    978-0233963723
  • Genre:
  • Publisher:
    HarperCollins Distribution Services; First Edition edition (October 9, 1975)
  • Pages:
    448 pages
  • Subcategory:
    Writing Research & Publishing Guides
  • Language:
  • FB2 format
    1409 kb
  • ePUB format
    1601 kb
  • DJVU format
    1690 kb
  • Rating:
    4.5
  • Votes:
    730
  • Formats:
    lrf doc lrf lit


The first casualty when war comes, is truth, said American Senator Hiram Johnson in 1917. The book documents the history of war reportage from the Crimean War up until the Terror War of today

The first casualty when war comes, is truth, said American Senator Hiram Johnson in 1917. The book documents the history of war reportage from the Crimean War up until the Terror War of today. Since the Crimean War of one and a half centuries ago there has been no shortage of persons eager to go and report from wherever it is that people are being shot, bombs are being dropped, and battles are being waged. For much of this period war reporters have not been concerned about their neutrality. In fact, according to Knightley, it could be argued that there has yet to be a war covered in which correspondents were neutral.

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The First Casualty book. Since Vietnam, Knightley reveals, governments have become much more adept at managing the media, as highlighted in chapters on the Falklands War, the Gulf War, and the conflict between NATO and Serbia over Kosovo.

Author: Phillip Knightley ISBN 10: 0330308793. Used-like N : The book pretty much look like a new book. There will be no stains or markings on the book, the cover is clean and crisp, the book will look unread, the only marks there may be are slight bumping marks to the edges of the book where it may have been on a shelf previously. Read full description. See details and exclusions. The First Casualty - From the Crimea to Vietnam: War Correspondent as Hero, Propagandist and Mythmaker by Phillip Knightley (Paperback, 1989). Pre-owned: lowest price.

Not that all war correspondents believed in objectivity. The Spanish Civil War brought a journalism of passionate advocacy for the Republican side-Orwell, Louis Fischer, Herbert Mathews and Kim Philby all were brilliant partisan journalists as was Hemingway who, however, did not distinguish himself-""his performance as a war correspondent was abysmally ba. " On the whole Knightley is not impressed with the coverage of Vietnam, the first ""TV war"" and he cites studies that show GIs dying on the home screen influenced public opinion in favor of the .

The First Casualty From the Crimea to Vietnam: The War Correspondent as Hero, Propagandist, and Myth Maker, by Phillip Knightley (read 14 Aug 2010) This is a 1975 book and covers reporting from the war zone in every war from the Crimean to Vietnam. The author, an Australian, finds war correspondents have generally done a poor job in getting facts to people-usually not the correspondent's fault. He states war cirrespondents in Vietnam did a better job than in any of the other wars he studies.

The War Correspondent as Hero and Myth-Maker from the Crimea to Iraq. And in a new chapter on the post-9/11 wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, Knightley details even greater degrees of government manipulation and media complicity, as evidenced by the "embedding" of reporters in military units and the uncritical, openly patriotic coverage of these conflicts.

By Phillip Knightley. The prism through which we have often formed our perceptions, the war correspondent plays a key role-usually, as Knightley demonstrates, on the side of truth, but capable of being tempted by advocacy. Even with the best of intentions he can become a victim of censorship and propaganda. A lively, highly readable book, full of vignettes from the battlefields. Paywall-free reading of new articles posted daily online and almost a century of archives.

The first casualty when war comes, is truth," said American Senator Hiram Johnson in 1917, and in his gripping, now-classic history of war journalism, Phillip Knightley shows just how right Johnson was. From William Howard Russell, who described the appalling conditions of the Crimean War in Times, to the ranks of reporters, photographers, and cameramen who captured the realities of war in Vietnam, The First Casualty tells a fascinating story of heroism and collusion, censorship and suppression, myth-making and propaganda.

The First Casualty: From the Crimea to Vietnam: The War Correspondent as Hero, Propagandist, and Myth Maker, 1975, on war and propaganda (in the United States, a Book of the Month Club main choice), 465 pages. The First Casualty: The War Correspondent As Hero and Myth-Maker from the Crimea to Kosovo. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002.

No DJ. Solid and square. Original black cloth some wear. Pgs. very clean, no tears,creases or turned corners. c1975 by Phillip Knightley 1st Edition. Ref.#321-434 Ship Daily. 100% Satisfaction or Refund is on the way.

Dorizius
This is a great book about the control of correspondents during wartime. Remember the Embedded Journalists of the Gulf War? Though there are newer editions of this book, I wanted to read the same one a friend recommended. As a Vietnam Veteran, I remember the journalists all over the war zone, and saw Dan Rather there.

This is excellent reading for any veteran or parent of a military person now overseas.
Dianalmeena
terrific on spin and propangada,
WWII shows how our love of Stalin went and shows how once we sunk jap ships and oil
there was no need for iwo jima-okinawana or fire bombing and atom bombing japan.
also excellent on spanosh civil war,how easy it is for people to beleive what they want.
Jimmy Mack
Goldcrusher
Phillip Knightley (The Secret Lives of Lawrence of Arabia, etc.) provides a polemical history of wartime journalism with The First Casualty. In broad strokes it's extremely effective, showing how easily correspondents are influenced by government pressure and censorship. But Knightley's inconsistency in his criticisms makes it hard to divine an overall point.

From its inception in the Crimean War, modern war correspondents have played a major role in shaping public perception of conflict. Often the coverage is beneficial: William Howard Russell exposed the various malfeasances in the Crimea, leading to major reforms in the British army. American journalists Edward R. Murrow and Gene Currivan played a decisive role in confirming the Holocaust to initially skeptical readers. Neil Sheehan and Stanley Karnow helped expose American bungling (and worst) in Vietnam. But more often, Knightley argues, the effect has been detrimental.

The most obvious obstacle is official pressure. As governments realized the press's extraordinary power, they struggled to control its wartime coverage. World War I was probably the worst, censors quashing stories that didn't "provide colorful stories of heroism and glory... and... to cover any mistakes the high command might make" (97). Knightley shows that the British army even authorized the death penalty for reporters photographing corpses. More malleable reporters put out atrocity stories to demonize Germany, which made stories about the Armenian Genocide (and, in a future war, the Holocaust) harder to believe. By World War II and the Cold War however, governments grew more savvy, befriending journalists as a way to get their message out. In Vietnam, pressure to be "part of the team," not to let down one's country and friends, played a larger role than overt censorship. A corollary is that correspondents are often less able (or willing) to report major stories: witness the leaking of General Patton's slapping incident, and more seriously the My Lai Massacre, by journalists far removed from the war zone.

Equally odious can be the correspondent's own bias. Knightley chronicles the ineptitude of US Civil War journalists, American and foreign, who espoused openly partisan views of the conflict. William Randolph Hearst's efforts to trigger the Spanish-American War are covered only briefly but provide an even more pointed example. Knightley's strongest attack comes on the Spanish Civil War, where everyone involved had an ideological ax to grind, leading to perhaps the worst-reported war ever. While Martha Gelhorn complained that post facto books failed to "capture the emotion, the commitment... the certainty that we were *right*" (215), extant literature on the war attests otherwise.

Nonetheless, Knightley recognizes the sheer courage and dedication of his subjects. Many reporters carried arms and fought alongside the armies they covered. Floyd Gibbons of the Chicago Tribune survived the German sinking of the Laconia, lost an eye at Bellau Wood, yet kept covering WWI. Most "reporters" in the Spanish Civil War, Ernest Hemingway and George Orwell most famously, actively joined one side or the other. Ernie Pyle, the "GI's reporter," served alongside American troops throughout the Second World War, ultimately dying in battle. Yet this also encouraged an enthuisastic view of conflict: Knightley quotes Nora Ephron complaing that "for correspondents, war is not hell. It is fun" (408).

Unfortunately, Knightley seems unable to provide a consistent critique. One glaring example is his chapter on the Russian Revolution. Not unreasonably, he excoriates western journalists for underestimating Bolshevism and calling for its downfall. Simultaneously however, he upholds pro-Bolshevik John Reed as a paragon of integrity (!). He similarly lauds Herbert Matthews' work in the Italo-Abyssinian War, despite viewing the war as "a... civilizing mission to a barbaric and backward country" (184). Possibly Knightley sympathizes with views contrary to "accepted wisdom"? Even *that* doesn't tally with his critique of *everyone* reporting on the Spanish Civil War. Similarly, his arguments elsewhere that journalists too close to the events can't be impartial seemingly don't apply to Reed and Matthews.

Knightley clearly has an ax to grind. Any journalist who does not describe war as a horrible, evil thing comes in for pointed criticism - again, excepting Herbert Matthews and select others. When discussing WWII and the Cold War conflicts, a comparison between Western democracies' coverage of the war and their totalitarian foes might be fruitful (though obviously difficult in the case of, say, North Korea or Vietnam). Yet Knightley discusses the latter only in passing. And again, Hearst's propagandistic accounts of Spanish oppression in Cuba shows how journalists themselves can shape events - yet it gets a page or two of coverage. Knightley seems primarily interested in attacking government censorship and conventional wisdom rather than a thorough-going critique.

For all its flaws, The First Casualty is a very interesting book. There's a point worth making, but Knightley's suspect argumentation weakens it.

PS: There are more recent editions of this title, including one published in 2004. I review the first edition (1975).
Beydar
I would say that this book is a must for any aspiring journalist. The title of the book comes from a quote by Senator Hiram Johnson in 1917
"The first casualty when war comes is truth."
Ain't that the truth now!
But "truth" for those that seek it has always been a very nebulous and ephemeral quantity. But when ever passion is involved truth becomes more difficult. In time of war this is especially valid.
This book is a history of war reporting. And I must say from my brief experience as a small town reporter - a reporter's job is without much glory. Like a judge in a courtroom, every word you write makes as many enemies as it does friends.
If eventually you become good enough at reporting so that all of your words become innocuous and anonymous you will probably be able to keep your job but your spirit will be another thing and your replacement will be random.

Richard Edward Noble - The Hobo Philosopher - Author of:

Mein Kampf - An Analysis of Book One