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by Nancy Makepeace Tanner
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Social Sciences
  • Author:
    Nancy Makepeace Tanner
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  • Publisher:
    Cambridge University Press; 1 edition (August 31, 1981)
  • Pages:
    400 pages
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    Social Sciences
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    1831 kb
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Nancy Makepeace Tanner’s Followers. Nancy Makepeace Tanner’s books.

Nancy Makepeace Tanner’s Followers. None yet. Nancy Makepeace Tanner.

On Becoming Human book. See a Problem? We’d love your help.

Tanner, Nancy Makepeace. Conclusion: becoming human; Bibliography; Acknowledgements and bibliography for illustrations; Indexes. Tanner, Nancy Makepeace. Australian/Harvard Citation.

Nancy Makepeace Tanner, On Becoming Human: A model of the. transition from ape to human & the . Peter Tasker, The Japanese: A Major Exploration of Modern Japan, Truman. Dutton, New York, 1988. transition from ape to human & the reconstruction of early human social life, Cambridge University Press, New York, 1981. Anger: the misunderstood emotion, Simon & Schuster, New York, 1982.

by Nancy Makepeace Tanner.

New Biological Books. F. E. Grine, "On Becoming Human.

The Tanner Lectures on Human Values is a multiversity lecture series in the humanities, founded in 1978, at Clare Hall, Cambridge University, by the American scholar Obert Clark Tanner. In founding the lecture, he defined their purpose as follows: It is considered one of the top lecture series among top universities, and being appointed a lectureship is a recognition of the scholar's "extra-ordinary achievement" in the field of human values.

Nancy Makepeace Tanner, an anthropologist and author of ''On Becoming Human,'' which deals with food-gatherers in early human evolution, died of a heart attack June 20 at the home of her brother-in-law in Tucson, Ariz

Nancy Makepeace Tanner, an anthropologist and author of ''On Becoming Human,'' which deals with food-gatherers in early human evolution, died of a heart attack June 20 at the home of her brother-in-law in Tucson, Ariz. She was 56 years old. Mrs. Tanner was an associate professor of anthropology at the University of California at Santa Cruz and a fellow of the university's Merrill College. She joined the faculty in 1969 from the University of Chicago, where she had earned her bachelor's and master's degrees.


We’re dedicated to reader privacy so we never track you. We don’t accept ads. But we still need to pay for servers and staff. The Internet Archive is a bargain, but we need your help. by. Human evolution, Social evolution, Evolution, Homme, Évolution sociale, Mensen, Primaten, Evolutie, Hominisation. Cambridge ; New York : Cambridge University Press.

Becoming Human: A Theory of Ontogeny. Pascal Boyer has written a wide-ranging, clear, and convincing book. It is an essential reading for anyone who wants to better understand the workings of our social world. Hugo Mercier, co-author of The Enigma of Reason. Pascal Boyer’s elegant and insightful essays on human nature and human society show the power of combining anthropology, evolutionary theory, and cognitive psychology.

First published in 1981, On Becoming Human presents a unique theory of human origins, an original explanation of how early hominids evolved from their ape-like primate ancestors. Professor Nancy M. Tanner's book integrates the data on chimpanzee behaviour with the available information on early phases of human evolution. The result is a model by which we can more accurately reconstruct the lifeways of the early hominids and better understand the rapid transition from ape to early human. By an innovative use of conventional data and a fresh perspective on traditional anthropological approaches, Professor Tanner, in her first book, has developed a powerful new theory of human origins by which we can understand the actual dynamics of becoming human.

Abandoned Electrical
Read this book in 1982 and enjoyed it then. Re-read it now and liked it even more. It presents a different view of our ancient ancestors from we've gotten in classrooms and B movies. It reassesses the environmental and social influences on the development of human culture and how they've been assessed by the world of anthropology, which for over a century was dominated by men, leading to a male-dominated view of our species. Tanner redefines the role and importance of females in our evolution and is a very important contribution to the study of our ancient history.
It is such a good book that I ordered it twice
great price, good info. After reading the Earth Children book series by Jean Auel, I had to buy some of her research material.
Nancy Makepeace Tanner (1933-1989) taught at UC Santa Cruz. She wrote in the Preface to this 1981 book, "'On Becoming Human' presents a new theory on the transition from an ape-like primate ancestor to the early hominids. The book develops a model for the reconstruction of the lifeways of the ancestral ape population, the transitional population, and the early hominids. It suggests that plant gathering with tools by females for obtaining sufficient food to share with their offspring was a very early innovation, and one that played a critical role in the transition from ape to human."

She notes early on, "Reconstruction of early human social activities---with the identification of 'man' or 'man the hunter' as the prime actor---can, like the primacy of Adam, serve to mythically legitimize traditional Western cultural patterns of sexual stratification." (Pg. 3) She suggests that from chimpanzees, "we can also begin to comprehend the nature of the capabilities and behaviors that were to later prove fundamental to the capacity for culture." (Pg. 127)

She observes, "a mother's [food] gathering effectiveness improved her own nutrition and thereby increased her life expectancy and fertility. Although males certainly foraged and perhaps occasionally gathered, it would have been primarily for themselves rather for a dependent individual... Similarly, males doubtless also used tools on occasion to obtain plant food, but such sporadic tool use made less difference for them than for females." (Pg. 145) Later, she admits, "it is very likely indeed that both sexes used tools for protection and eventually some butchering and that neither males nor females used tools in extensive big game hunting." (Pg. 195)

She argues, "The mother-offspring tie was primary; this was the elemental social unit... Mothers, as the socializers, were the carriers of group tradition; the social and technical inventions of the females were passed on to their offspring during the socialization process and eventually became part of the behavioral reportoire of the transitional population as a whole." (Pg. 148-149)

With the advent of the australopithicines, "The innovation that produced more food would be most likely to occur initially among those on whom there was the most nutritional stress. These are women. It is women who bear babies and nurse infants... It is, therefore, highly probable that it was women with offspring who developed the new gathering technology and that this was the innovation critical to the ape-human divergence... Mothers who were the best gatherers---that is, who were the most intelligent, who used tools most effectively... had children who were the most likely to survive." (Pg. 268)

She suggests, "an intelligent male had a better chance of getting a busy, intelligent female to pay attention to him. Therefore, in all the key features of the hominid adaptation---bipedalism, hand manipulative ability, sociability, and intelligence---both natural and sexual selection could have been significant. The transition from pongid to hominid could have occurred relatively rapidly under such circumstances."

This is one of the most interesting works of "women's anthropology" (a misnomer, but one that is commonly used); it's too bad that Tanner never wrote another book. This book, as well as those of Sarah Blaffer Hrdy  and Mother Nature: Maternal Instincts and How They Shape the Human Species] will be interesting reading for anyone who wants an original perspective on human social evolution.