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by Hugh Trevor-Roper
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Europe
  • Author:
    Hugh Trevor-Roper
  • ISBN:
    0300136862
  • ISBN13:
    978-0300136869
  • Genre:
  • Publisher:
    Yale University Press (July 16, 2008)
  • Pages:
    304 pages
  • Subcategory:
    Europe
  • Language:
  • FB2 format
    1151 kb
  • ePUB format
    1184 kb
  • DJVU format
    1446 kb
  • Rating:
    4.8
  • Votes:
    344
  • Formats:
    azw lrf rtf mobi


Contemporary Worlds series. London, Reaktion Books, 2008.

Contemporary Worlds series. Cite this publication.

Hugh Trevor-Roper was an Englishman significantly shaped - in education, marriage and sense of myth as a force in history - by the proximity of his native Northumberland to Scotland. Having circled round aspects of Scottish history and culture for many years, he was moved to address its underlying flows by the devolution debate of the late 1970s. A staunch unionist, he wanted to debunk some of the myths that had gone into the making of the "synthetic Scotsman" of nationalist rhetoric, and to do so playfully; this is Trevor-Roper's wittiest book.

Trevor-Roper explores three myths across 400 years of Scottish history: the political myth of the 'ancient constitution' of Scotland; the literary myth, including Walter Scott as well as Ossian and ancient poetry; and the sartorial.

Trevor-Roper explores three myths across 400 years of Scottish history: the political myth of the 'ancient constitution' of Scotland; the literary myth, including Walter Scott as well as Ossian and ancient poetry; and the sartorial myth of tartan and the kilt, invented - ironically by Englishmen - in quite modern times. Trevor-Roper reveals myth to be an often deliberate cultural construction used to enshrine a people's identity. Hugh R. Trevor-Roper.

Hugh Trevor-Roper explores three myths across 400 years of Scottish history: the political myth of the ancient constitution of Scotland; the literary myth, including Walter Scott as well as Ossian This book argues that while Anglo-Saxon culture has given rise to virtually no myths at al. .

Hugh Trevor-Roper explores three myths across 400 years of Scottish history: the political myth of the ancient constitution of Scotland; the literary myth, including Walter Scott as well as Ossian This book argues that while Anglo-Saxon culture has given rise to virtually no myths at all, myth has played a central role in the historical development of Scottish identity

The late Hugh Trevor-Roper (Lord Dacre of Glanton) was Regius Professor of History at the University of Oxford and a.

The late Hugh Trevor-Roper (Lord Dacre of Glanton) was Regius Professor of History at the University of Oxford and a prolific scholar. His last book, Europe’s Physician: The Various Life of Sir Theodore de Mayerne, was published by Yale University Press in 2006. for the sea, in so wild and mountainous an archipelago, unites rather than divides; and western Scotland was an extension of Ulster long before Ulster became an extension of. western Scotland.

Hugh Trevor-Roper’s Take on Scottish History. The figure of Hugh Trevor-Roper, in later life Lord Dacre, looms large over the historiography of early modern England and Europe. His influential essays and book-length studies remain essential reading material in many postgraduate history programs, in some instances more than fifty years after their appearance in print. Trevor-Roper’s reach was, moreover, broad and eclectic: notwithstanding the damaging consequences of his confidence in the authenticity of the so-called Hitler diaries, he also succeeded in forging a name for himself in the field.

Hugh Redwald Trevor-Roper, Baron Dacre of Glanton, FBA (15 January 1914 – 26 January 2003), was a British historian of early modern Britain and Nazi Germany. He was Regius Professor of Modern History at the University of Oxford

Hugh Redwald Trevor-Roper, Baron Dacre of Glanton, FBA (15 January 1914 – 26 January 2003), was a British historian of early modern Britain and Nazi Germany. He was Regius Professor of Modern History at the University of Oxford. Trevor-Roper was a polemicist and essayist on a range of historical topics, but particularly England in the 16th and 17th centuries and Nazi Germany.

John Robertson ‘Hugh Trevor-Roper, Intellectual History and The Religious Origins of the Enlightenment’, English Historial . The Invention of Scotland.

Any requests for re-use must be directed the Rights Department of Oxford University Press). Adam Sisman, Hugh Trevor-Roper. A study of three myths in Scottish history: the political myth of the ‘ancient constitution’; the literary myth, which includes Ossian and Sir Walter Scott; and the sartorial myth of the tartan and the kilt.

Trevor-Roper believed that 'the whole history of Scotland has been coloured by myth', and he took it upon himself to address some of these myths in this book, largely written in the 1970s, but set aside while still in draft. The Invention of Scotland identifies three overlapping myths that have shaped the self-image of that proud nation. The first is the political myth of the ancient Scottish constitution: that pre-medieval Scotland had been governed by a form of limited monarchy.

The Invention of Scotland by Hugh Trevor-Roper. He recognizes that the invention of Scottish history was a creative act, which helped Scotland to emerge as a cohesive and peaceful modern nation. Every April, New York's proud Scottish-Americans celebrate their heritage with the Tartan Day Parade, processing up Sixth Avenue in a sea of kilts, to the noble blare of the bagpipes.

This book argues that while Anglo-Saxon culture has given rise to virtually no myths at all, myth has played a central role in the historical development of Scottish identity. Hugh Trevor-Roper explores three myths across 400 years of Scottish history: the political myth of the “ancient constitution” of Scotland; the literary myth, including Walter Scott as well as Ossian and ancient poetry; and the sartorial myth of tartan and the kilt, invented—ironically, by Englishmen—in quite modern times.

 

Trevor-Roper reveals myth as an often deliberate cultural construction used to enshrine a people’s identity. While his treatment of Scottish myth is highly critical, indeed debunking, he shows how the ritualization and domestication of Scotland’s myths as local color diverted the Scottish intelligentsia from the path that led German intellectuals to a dangerous myth of racial supremacy.

 

This compelling manuscript was left unpublished on Trevor-Roper’s death in 2003 and is now made available for the first time. Written with characteristic elegance, lucidity, and wit, and containing defiant and challenging opinions, it will absorb and provoke Scottish readers while intriguing many others.


Gosar
An interesting and unusual perspective on Scotland, which helps put some modern politics into perspective. It minimizes the oppression by the English of the Highland Scots, but tells some tales I had not heard before.
Wishamac
This is a touchy subject given the rise of nationalism in Scotland in recent years, which has been accompanied by an interest in promoting Scottish "distinctiveness" from England and the rest of the UK, but it is certainly worth a read. Trevor-Roper's careful research, which spans multiple decades, shows that in fact much of what we casually assume to be "authentic" Scottish culture is in fact quite exaggerated, if not outright historical fiction. There are three founding myths of Scotland that receive particular attention:

First, the myth of the "Scottish constitution," in which a sort of constitutional monarchy existed in Scotland in pre-UK times (and which is reinforced in the movie Braveheart, in which the Scots are portrayed as fighting for "freedom"), is debunked. The notion of a strong national identity, stretching from the Highlands to Lowlands, which was wrapped up in a kind of genetic love of democracy, is in fact shown to be an anachronism.

Second, the author presents evidence that the works attributed to Ossian, the supposed ancient Scottish answer to Homer, are pretty convincingly shown to be a forgery, though nevertheless accepted as genuine by many of a nationalistic bent. Fingal, Ossian's seminal work, turns out to contain numerous echoes of Shakespeare and the King James Bible, among others.

Third, the topic of dress. Nowadays the kilt is understood to be the quintessentially "Scottish" article of clothing. Readers will be surprised to learn that, as the author documents, the kilt appears to have been invented by an Englishman for his employees, while the precise clan-based tartan identification system was invented by a pair of brothers in 1842. These "Sobieski Stuarts," who claimed to be descended from the exiled House of Stuart, were in fact a pair of Englishmen seeking to boost their clothing business.

Some reviews below are quite defensive and accuse the author of harboring some kind of latent anti-Scottish bias, but ultimately the book is not really so much about Scotland, per se, as man's need to create myths and national narratives. To accept the findings in this book as true is not to deny that Scotland has a rich cultural heritage; on the contrary, it should hopefully spur people to rediscover the country's true roots and avoid the Disneyfication of the culture that has set in. There is much more to Scotland than kilts, haggis and Braveheart.
Joni_Dep
Though Roper's work in other fields has been rightly criticised I can find no fault here. Popular Scottish history is indeed very, very heavily romanticised and politicised. Roper exposes only some of the national fantasy - there is so much more bunkum that he could have written about - enough for two more volumes at least.
Kajikus
Those who give one-star reviews to The Invention of Scotland must be cranky kilt-wearing folks with peat chips on their shoulders and empty porridge bowls, who are irritated by phrases like this: ". . . for the sea, in so wild and mountainous an archipelago, unites rather than divides; and western Scotland was an extension of Ulster long before Ulster became an extension of western Scotland." Trevor-Roper wrote the lovely well-documented prose once associated with educated historians. I'm only up to the year 1582 and I love this book. Going back to Dalriada.
Alsath
The Invention of Scotland: Myth and HistoryAuthor Hugh Trevor-Roper seems to be one of those self-loathing Scots who are against "all-things-Tartan". In his zeal to destroy the "Tartan Myth" and the popular world view of Scotland,he forgets that it precisely those national qualities which the world finds so irresistible.
interactive man
HTR writes in TIoS that Scotland was a place where things were invented in one form or another to satisfy a nationalist void.

The premise of his book TIoS is that Scotland is great. The trouble is, nobody knew it. For most people, i.e. the English, ancient Scotland was a barbaric place devoid of culture, civilization and history. Starting in the 1400s Scottish historians, philosophers and writers set out to document a long, ancient and valid Scottish lineage. When none existed, history, literature and even dress of the Scots were "invented" and myths surrounding these societal fundamentals were developed, strongly embraced, and perpetuated.
TIoS is well written and documented extensively. The literary myth and ensuing controversy surrounding James MacPherson and Ossian took up a tedious majority of the book. It was disappointing, given the depth of detail, that the author did not include a single line or excerpt of Ossian/Macpherson's work. I wish that there were a couple of illustrations of original Highland dress. The author's descriptions were good, but I would like to see what the original costume, especially the belted plaid, looked like. A map of Scotland also would have been helpful.

The book left me thoughtful. Now I wonder about our own and other countries' glorious national inventions. It was told in a respectful and very knowledgeable way. It was trudging at times, often bogged down and dry, needed a better editor.
TheFresh
At first sight, this awful book appears to be written under the influence of Social Constructionism. But Trevor-Roper was not a social constructionist in any of his other books. One must therefore assume that he simply hated and/or despised the Scots, as have so many of the English down through the centuries. See Adam Sisman's biography of him for more details.
Sassenach.