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by William Shakespeare
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History & Criticism
  • Author:
    William Shakespeare
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  • Publisher:
    Gramercy (September 10, 2002)
  • Pages:
    480 pages
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    History & Criticism
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Ophelia depicts lady Ophelia's mysterious death by drowning. In the play, the clowns discuss whether Ophelia's death was a suicide and whether or not she merits a Christian burial. Artist: John Everett Millais 1852).

Ophelia depicts lady Ophelia's mysterious death by drowning. Shakespeare wrote tragedies from the beginning of his career. One of his earliest plays was the Roman tragedy Titus Andronicus, which he followed a few years later with Romeo and Juliet. However, his most admired tragedies were written in a seven-year period between 1601 and 1608.

Shakespeare's tragedies often hinge on a fatally flawed character or system, that is, a flaw ultimately results in death or destruction. Scholars divide the plays into periods. A first-period tragedy (from 1590-1594) is Titus Andronicus. Shakespeare's greatest tragedies come from his second and third periods. Romeo and Juliet is an example of a second-period tragedy, as is Julius Caesar. In the third period, Shakespeare wrote Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, Macbeth, Antony and Cleopatra.

William Shakespeare (bapt. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "the Bard"). His extant works, including collaborations, consist of some 39 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship.

Здесь вы можете прочитать книгу William Shakespeare The Tragedy of Macbeth бесплатно. Your face, my Thane, is as a book where men May read strange matters. To beguile the time, Look like the time; bear welcome in your eye, Your hand, your tongue; look like the innocent flower, But be the serpent under it. He that's coming Must be provided for; and you shall put This night's great business into my dispatch, Which shall to all our nights and days to come Give solely sovereign sway and masterdom.

William Shakespeare: Comedies, Histories, and Tragedies. Schoenbaum, William Shakespeare: A Compact Documentary Life. Supplementary Reading. Scope: I. n thirty-six half-hour lectures, William Shakespeare: Comedies, Histories, Tragedies introduces the plays of Shakespeare and delineates the achievement that makes Shakespeare the leading playwright in Western civilization.

William Shakespeare wrote at least 37 plays that scholars know of, with most of them labeled is comedies, histories, or tragedies

William Shakespeare wrote at least 37 plays that scholars know of, with most of them labeled is comedies, histories, or tragedies. The earliest play that is directly attributed to Shakespeare is the trilogy of "King Henry VI," with Richard III also being written around the same time, between 1589 and 1591.

Shakespearean tragedy is the designation given to most tragedies written by playwright William Shakespeare. Shakespeare's romances (tragicomic plays) were written late in his career and published originally as either tragedy or comedy

Shakespearean tragedy is the designation given to most tragedies written by playwright William Shakespeare. Shakespeare's romances (tragicomic plays) were written late in his career and published originally as either tragedy or comedy.

By William Shakespeare - The Tragedy of Hamlet: Prince of Denmark (Folger Shakespeare Library) .

By William Shakespeare - The Tragedy of Hamlet: Prince of Denmark (Folger Shakespeare Library) (Updated) (3/25/12). Hamlet (Annotated by Henry N. Hudson with an Introduction by Charles Harold Herford). The Arden Hamlet has easily readable print, copious annotations and informative background essays.

Shakespeare wrote tragedies from the beginning of his career. These include his four major tragedies Hamlet, Othello, King Lear and Macbeth, along with Antony & Cleopatra, Coriolanus, Cymbeline, Julius Caesar and the lesser-known Timon of Athens and Troilus and Cressida.

An appealing collection of the great tragedies of Shakespeare, these fourteen plays express the full force of his dramatic and psychological insight, exploring the fatal flaws that lead to the fall of the mighty from good fortune. The hesitant vengefulness of Hamlet; the vain selfishness of Lear; the irrational jealousy of Othello; the cunning destructiveness of Iago; the romantic impulsiveness of Romeo; the murderous ambition of Lady Macbeth--all of these characters are burned into the collective psyche of world culture.

Any "period" piece will be a difficult read (at least, for me) but to understand history I believe you have to be willing to read the material that was written at the time. All of this has to be done with an understanding that the writers were not, on average, objective and the material had to be written with, at least, an eye on the power brokers who might read the material. Still, necessity does not imply easy.
Herodotus was the first historian as we now understand the term. That is, he was the first to examine and compare sources of information about past events and to write them down. His reputation has waxed and waned over the centuries, and at the present time he is less well thought of than Thucydides. Yet CollingwoodThe Idea of History: With Lectures 1926-1928 favors Herodotus over Thucydides because Herodotus simply tries to tell us as best he can what actually happened, while Thucydides has a moral tale to tell, and may have (we can't be sure) tailored his narrative to fit his moral.

Be that as it may, Herodotus should be read by every educated person, since Western culture and civilization began in his time, and the events he describes affect us to this day.

Since most of us do not read ancient Greek, the question then arises as to which translation to read. Walter Blanco's translation in this Norton Critical Edition is quite good, but is by no means perfect. He tends to use casual language modern Americans are comfortable with, but this probably isn't the tone in which Herodotus wrote his books. There is evidence that he declaimed them orally to audiences in rather formal performances, more like modern dramatic readings than reading silently to oneself.

Blanco's version is definitely an improvement over the 19th century standard by RawlinsonThe Persian Wars (Modern Library College Editions), but David Grene's more formal language in The History seems more appropriate to me. There is also a very interesting online version by Shlomo Felberbaum, available at [...]

Here is a famous incident from Book VIII in each version:

Rawlinson: "And Themistocles succeeded in detaining the fleet in the way which I will now relate. He made over to Eurybiades five talents out of the thirty paid him, which he gave as if they came from himself; ..."

Grene: "This is how Themistocles made the Greeks stop there. He gave a share - five talents - of the money to Eurybiades, as though the money came from himself."

Blanco: "This is how Themistocles induced the Greeks to stay. He took three hundred pounds of this silver and gave it to Eurybiades as it if were actually coming from himself."

Felberbaum: "Then Themistocles made the Greeks hold up this way: to Eurybiades of that money he gave as a share five talents as if from his own forsooth he were making the gift."

A significant limitation of the Norton Edition is that it is not a complete translation. Many sections are left out, for example most of Book IX, which gives some of the links with the events later taken up by Thucydides. If you want to read all of Herodotus you won't get it in this translation, which is why I gave it four stars rather than five.

On the plus side, the background and commentary selections are very informative and helpful, and are alone well worth the price of the book.
Herodotus' Histories is a rich and amazing early history.
The Greek historian was the first writer to employ the theories of the Milesian thinkers to history. He critically analyzed all the information and conflicting sources that he had before making a decision. Although some of the theories that he put forth may not be seen as wrong; this critical thought was an impresive leap in the writing of history.
The creater of the battle narative he wrote from a perspective other than the Homeric poetic tradition. Looking at battles as more than the hubris of a few men.
Wonderful and informative. Although there are many parts of Herodotus that must be questioned, he is an invaluable resource to anyone interested in Greek history or the early classical historians. He was the first.
Some sections of the writing become heavy handed because of his moralizations and theories that revolve around the gods, but this just adds flavor to this interesting historian. Herodotus began a new genre of writing and did it with style.
Because of his tendancy to run off in many different directions, it is helpful to only read him in sections or with a sylabis put together by a Greek historian. Otherwise one can drown in this massive, but wonderful work.
I have greatly enjoyed reading the hard cover Everyman's edition of Shakespeare's Comedies, Tragedies and Romances. The hard cover books, which come in multiple volumes, are portable, have a nice type face, have excellent explanatory notes and excellent introductory essays about the plays. I strongly recommend this edition for anyone who is not already familiar with Shakespeare's plays.

I recently bought a Kindle edition of three tragedies. The type face is very good but there are no notes or essays whatsoever. I would not recommend any of the Kindle editions that I have seen for anyone who is not already fully conversant with Shakespeare's language. Many words have changed meaning significantly over time and a modern dictionary is only modestly helpful.

It would be great if Amazon could get the Everyman's edition formatted for the Kindle.